Web 2.0 Definitions
Every aspect of Web 2.0 is driven by participation. The transition to Web 2.0 was enabled by the emergence of platforms such as blogging, social networks, and free image and video uploading, that collectively allowed extremely easy content creation and sharing by anyone.
Standards provide an essential platform for Web 2.0. Common interfaces for accessing content and applications are the glue that allow integration across the many elements of the emergent web.
Web 2.0 is decentralized in its architecture, participation, and usage. Power and flexibility emerges from distributing applications and content over many computers and systems, rather than maintaining them on centralized systems.
The world of Web 2.0 has only become possible through a spirit of openness whereby developers and companies provide open, transparent access to their applications and content.
Web 2.0 is the antithesis of the monolothic. It emerges from many, many components or modules that are designed to link and integrate with others, together building a whole that is greater than the sum of its parts.
A primary direction of Web 2.0 is for users to control the content they create, the data captured about their web activities, and their identity. This powerful trend is driven by the clear desires of participants.
Identity is a critical element of both Web 2.0 and the future direction of the internet. We can increasingly choose to represent our identities however we please, across interactions, virtual worlds, and social networks. We can also own and verify our real identities in transactions if we choose.
The entire space of the World Wide Web open to anyone to access and participate. This has been the initial domain in which Web 2.0 technologies, applications, and attitudes have developed.
Inside the firewalls of organizations and their business partners. The power of Web 2.0 technologies, originally developed on the open web, are now being applied within enterprises to enhance performance and achieve business outcomes. This domain is sometimes termed Enterprise 2.0.
Bringing multiple content sources together into one interface or application.
enables highly interactive web applications.
(Application Programming Interface) A defined interface to a computer application or database that allows access by other applications.
Integrating content or an application into a web page, while the original format is maintained.
Rich categorization of information that is collectively created by users, through tagging and other actions. (cf. taxonomy)
Combination of different types of content or data, usually from different sources, to create something new.
Extracting and combining samples of content to create a new output. The term was originally used in music but is now also applied to video and other content.
(Really Simple Syndication) A group of formats to publish (syndicate) content on the internet so that users or applications automatically receive any updates.
Ruby on Rails
An open source web application framework that is frequently used in Web 2.0 website development.
A visual depiction of tags that have been used to describe a piece of content, with higher frequency tags emphasized to assist content comprehension and navigation.
Attaching descriptions to information or content.
The creation of avatars (alternative representations of people), buildings, objects, and other artefacts inside virtual spaces.
Small, portable web application that can be embedded into any web page
(eXtensible Markup Language) An open standard for describing data, which enables easy exchange of information between applications and organizations.